If your hair is too oily, it will make a build-up of sebum in the hair follicles, making your hair look greasy and flat to the head. Clogged pores also prevents hair growth, and provide the ideal environment for bacteria, fungus, dandruff and itchiness.
Dandruff is a common mild scalp infection caused by oil, dirt and dead skin being build up over time. This build-up traps bacteria and yeast, leading to excessive skin cell growth, that will start to shed in the form of dandruff. The sheds are usually quite big and more yellow, than shedding from a dry scalp. Being prone to dandruff can also be genetic, or can be caused by hormonal changes, stress and diet changes. To remove and avoid dandruff, it is important to keep your scalp clean and to exfoliate once or twice a month. To exfoliate, mix a grained face/body scrub with your regular shampoo, and give yourself an exfoliating scalp massage once or twice a month. Alternatively you can use an anti-dandruff shampoo with zinc, to help kill the bacteria and start fresh.
Washing an oily scalp
Make sure to detangle your hair before washing it, since this is a lot easier and less damaging when your hair is dry. If your hair tends to get rebellious when brushing or combing it, try using a spray conditioner, hair oil or a detangling spray to avoid damage.
An excessively oily scalp can often be a sign that your scalp has a low PH-value, which flattens the cuticles and helps them to retain moisture. The ideal PH-level is around 4-5 which will ensure balance and protection against bacteria and fungal growth. Choose a gentle shampoo with a PH-level around 4-5, that focus more on caring and treating your hair. Choose a shampoo with abilities like hydrating, moisturizing, conditioning and strengthening, instead of shampoos that is aim to style the hair, like volumizing products, as they tends to damage the hair to get it to stand up and look thicker.
Gently massage with circular strokes around your hairline, to insure that your hairline is grease-free. Use vertical strokes on your scalp with medium pressure, to avoid tangles and to stimulate hair growth. A hair massage will also enhance circulation, and bring oxygen and nutrients to the hair follicles. Your aim is to thoroughly wash your scalp and roots, and not so much the actual hair.
Conditioner/hair mask for the lengths
Use a conditioner/hair mask in the lengths of your hair, and not on your scalp. The oils from your scalp can’t reach the mids and ends, which leaves the hair looking dry and frizzy. Using a conditioner/hair mask will help rehydrate your lengths, and give the hair a healthy shine throughout.
Rinse your hair thoroughly with cold/warm water, and avoid very hot water as this will dry out your scalp. Rinsing your hair with cold water at the end, will also help keep in the moisture.
Apply a leave-in conditioner, hair oil or hair serum, to the damp mids and lengths for additional moisture.
Repeat every 2-3 days
Wash your hair every 2-3 days. If you have very oily hair, you might need to wash it more frequently. It does not benefit your scalp to only wash your hair once a week, unless you have a dry scalp.
Exfoliate once or twice a month
Exfoliate your scalp once or twice a month, to remove build-up oil, dead skin cells and residue from hair products, that your shampoo can’t remove. To exfoliate, mix a grained face/body scrub with your regular shampoo, and give yourself an exfoliating scalp massage.
Make your hair wash last
An often hidden cause of greasy hair, is having a dirty hairbrush. If you use hair products regularly, cleaning your brush or comb in hot water and soap every 2 weeks, will make a massive difference.
Also focusing your styling products on the mid section and ends of your hair, instead of the crown area, will help your hair appear less greasy.
Dry shampoo is the ultimate weapon, to make your hair look matte and non-greasy. Be aware that dry shampoo is just a hair makeup product, meant to make your hair appear less greasy, and cannot substitute a hair wash.
Let your hair air-dry whenever possible. Blow-drying your hair too often can be very drying to the scalp and hair. Alternatively use the blow-dryer on a cooler setting and use a diffuser to effectively avoid frizz.
Use a micro-fiber towel or a cotton t-shirt, instead of a regular towel, when drying your hair to avoid frizz. Also avoid rubbing your hair vigorously or wearing a towel on your head for more than 10 minutes, as your hair is very fragile and prone to damage when it’s wet.
Avoid sleeping on wet hair
Be sure to dry your hair before going to bed, as the hair will break more easily when it’s wet, and sleeping on it can cause a lot of damage.
Avoid brushing wet hair
Brushing your hair while it’s wet can cause a lot of breakage – if you must, finger comb your hair under running water, use a wide tooth comb or a wet-brush.