A dry scalp will make your hair appear more voluminous at the crown area, but it also makes your scalp more itchy and prone to dry flakes, psoriasis, eczema and other skin conditions.
A dry scalp can lead to itchiness and shedding similar to dandruff. The shreds are however a lot smaller and more white than dandruff. The greatest reason for a dry scalp, is the use of an aggressive shampoo that strips the hair of it’s natural oils. Your shampoo could also be containing other allergens or irritants that irritates the skin. To combat dry flakes, it is important to keep your scalp clean with a gentle shampoo, and to exfoliate once or twice a month. To exfoliate, mix a grained face/body scrub with your regular shampoo, and give yourself an exfoliating scalp massage once or twice a month. Apply conditioner and hair masks directly to the scalp to add moisture.
Eczema and psoriasis
Psoriasis causes skin cells to grow too quickly and build up into raised, reddish often scaly patches. It can be difficult to distinguish between dandruff and scalp psoriasis, but it is quite uncommon to only have psoriasis or eczema outbreaks on the scalp. If you deal with psoriasis or eczema on a regular basis, it is advised to contact your doctor and get prescribed medication to control the outbreaks.
A dry scalp is very prone to being itchy from time to time. It is important not to scratch with your nails, as this will easily create sores and add bacteria to the scalp, causing further irritation. Be sure to have a cooling gel available and apply directly to the itchy area to sooth the scalp when it’s itchy.
Hairwash dry scalp
Make sure to detangle your hair before washing it, since this is a lot easier and less damaging when your hair is dry. If your hair tends to get rebellious when brushing or combing it, try using a spray conditioner, hair oil or a detangling spray to avoid damage.
An excessively dry scalp can often be a sign that your scalp has a high PH-value, which opens up the cuticles and makes it harder to retain moisture. The ideal PH-level is around 4-5 which will ensure balance and protection against bacteria and fungal growth. Choose a gentle shampoo with a PH-level around 4-5, that focus more on caring and treating your hair. Choose a shampoo with abilities like hydrating, moisturizing, conditioning and strengthening, instead of shampoos that is aim to style the hair, like volumizing products, as they tends to damage the hair to get it to stand up and look thicker.
Make sure that your shampoo is free of allergens and irritants, as a dry scalp is very prone to allergic reactions. You can go for more organic brands to avoid chemicals, but be aware of botanicals (plant compounds) as they are known to cause allergic reactions. Keep in mind that the largest companies have tested their products very thoroughly, and have a very low risk at causing allergic reactions.
Gently massage with circular strokes around your hairline, to insure that your hairline is grease-free. Use vertical strokes on your scalp with medium pressure, to avoid tangles and to stimulate hair growth. A hair massage will also enhance circulation, and bring oxygen and nutrients to the hair follicles. Your aim is to thoroughly wash your scalp and roots, and not so much the actual hair.
Use a conditioner/hair mask, not only on the lengths, but also on your scalp, just as you would apply a moisturizer after washing your face. The conditioner/hair mask will help your scalp feel less dry, and add a healthy shine throughout your hair.
Rinse your hair thoroughly with cold/warm water, and avoid very hot water as this will dry out your scalp. Rinsing your hair with cold water at the end, will also help keep in the moisture.
Apply a leave-in conditioner or hair oil, to the damp mids and lengths for additional moisture. Hair serum can also be added to the mids and lengths for a healthy shine throughout.
Repeat every 2-3 days
Wash your hair every 2-3 days, or less often if you need to, to avoid stripping your hair of it’s natural oils.
Exfoliate once a month
Exfoliate your scalp once or twice a month, to remove build-up oil, dead skin cells and residue from hair products, that your shampoo can’t remove. To exfoliate, mix a grained face/body scrub with your regular shampoo, and give yourself an exfoliating scalp massage.
Make your hair wash last
An often hidden cause of greasy roots, is having a dirty hairbrush. If you use hair products regularly, cleaning your brush or comb in hot water and soap every 2 weeks, will make a massive difference.
Also focusing your styling products on the mid section and ends of your hair, instead of the crown area, will help your hair appear less greasy.
Dry shampoo is the ultimate weapon, to make your hair look matte and non-greasy. Be aware that dry shampoo is just a hair makeup product, meant to make your hair appear less greasy, and cannot substitute a hair wash.
Let your hair air-dry whenever possible. Blow-drying your hair too often can be very drying to the scalp and hair. Alternatively use the blow-dryer on a cooler setting and use a diffuser to effectively avoid frizz.
Use a micro-fiber towel or a cotton t-shirt, instead of a regular towel, when drying your hair to avoid frizz. Also avoid rubbing your hair vigorously or wearing a towel on your head for more than 10 minutes, as your hair is very fragile and prone to damage when it’s wet.
Avoid sleeping on wet hair
Be sure to dry your hair before going to bed, as the hair will break more easily when it’s wet, and sleeping on it can cause a lot of damage.
Avoid brushing wet hair
Brushing your hair while it’s wet can cause a lot of breakage – if you must, finger comb your hair under running water, use a wide tooth comb or a wet-brush.