3 Oxidation

Oxidation is a reaction caused by free radicals. All cells produce free radicals as a byproduct, but some factors can increase the amount, like UV-rays, pollution, poor diet and smoking. Luckily free radicals are also combated by antioxidants, which will help neutralize the oxidation.

What is free radicals?
A free radicals is an atom or a molecule that is missing an electron. In the science world this is represented as a single O. The single O would like to make an O2, which means that it burst around looking for other molecules it can steal an O from – like a scorned lover looking to hitch a new partner who is already married. When it steals an O from another molecule, that molecule become damaged, and might start to look for a new O itself, causing a lot of damage to the cells. This process is called oxidation also known as oxidative stress. If you’ve ever seen an apple turn brown, you’ve witnessed oxidation, as the apple gets damaged by oxygen. In the skin, this process can cause harm to collagen and elastin, and thereby promote premature aging.

Treatment

Avoiding causes of free radicals
Avoiding free radicals completely is impossible. But you can lower the amount of free radicals by using sunscreen, avoiding passive smoking and eating a healthier diet.

Antioxidant
Antioxidants are a group of beneficial nutrients including vitamins, minerals and enzymes, that helps to neutralize and remove free radicals. When blocking the oxidation process, the antioxidants becomes oxidized themselves. This means that there is a constant need for new antioxidants. A day cream with antioxidants is preferred to protect the skin during the day, or in a stronger serum at night that can reach to deeper levels of the skin.

Antioxidants suited for dry skin

Antioxidants suited for oily skin

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